Environmentally protected EMI shielded connector
||Dutcher, Clinton H.;
An EMI shielded connector is provided having an exterior receptacle shell, plug housing and coupling member constructed of plastic. Metallic sleeves line the shell and housing interiors and enclose insert assemblies. The sleeves are releasably engaged at a joint connection to provided electrical continuity through the connector for EMI protection. A junction means may be used to enhance electrical communication at the joint connection and a sealing member is used for environmental protection of the connector interior parts.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to electrical connectors and, more particularly, to EMI shielded connectors which include protection against harsh corrosive conditions.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Effective connectors should be mechanically strong, light weight, low cost, corrosion resistant and display high levels of EMI shielding. In general, good EMI shielding comes from metals. Aluminum and its alloys have always been good choices because they are lightweight, highly conductive and readily machined into parts. Unfortunately, aluminum is also chemically reactive and is prone to significantly corrode in harsh environments.
Because of the above problems, composite plastic materials have been employed to form the connector housing. Since plastic is non-conductive, fillers were used to provide some degree of EMI shielding. Great difficulty was incurred, however, in creating a sufficiently homogenous mixture of filler to provide effective shielding. This was because molding processes do not allow the necessary even distribution and physical contact between filler particles for achieving the desired overall conductivity.
An alternative to the composite plastic approach is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,678,260. Here, a foraminous sleeve of metal or wire mesh is embedded in the molded plastic housing. A portion of the sleeve is exposed to provide contact with other conductive parts which lead to a ground plane.
Difficulty with this approach is that sleeve openings or mesh size directly affect the frequency level of EMI that can be effectively attenuated. Such a restriction greatly limits the usefulness of the device.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention provides a connector that comprises interfitting plastic shell, housing and coupling parts. The parts sealingly enclose an insert assembly and provide a connector housing that is lightweight, durable and impervious to harsh corrosive environments. Each housing and shell part includes an inner metallic sleeve which releasably join together and form a shield against electromagnetic interference (EMI). Different junction means and shielded cable attachment means are adapted for use with the metallic sleeves.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view showing the plug housing and receptacle shell assemblies of the invention connected together.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view showing the assemblies of FIG. 1 separated from each other.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view showing an alternative shielded cable connection to a modified receptacle shell assembly.
FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 3 showing a second alternative shielded cable connection.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view showing a receptacle shell grounded to a panel.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
With particular reference to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, the overall connector of the invention is shown by reference 10. The connector is preferably tubular in shape and consists of a plug assembly 12 and a shell assembly 14. Both assemblies releasably interfit with each other and are secured together with a coupling member 16. The housing assembly consists of a plug insert 45 enclosed by a plug housing 13 and the shell assembly consists of a shell insert 28 enclosed by a receptacle shell 15.
The receptacle shell is defined by an inner surface 17, an outer surface 18 with an inner end portion 19 and an outer end portion 20. The outer surface may include an outer flange 21 for use in attaching the shell to a cabinet panel or other grounded external support structure. It also includes one or more bosses 22 for connection with lip 23 of coupling member 16 for securing together the shell and plug assemblies.
The plug housing, receptacle shell and coupling member are constructed of a dielectric material such as plastic. This permits the use of low cost high volume manufacturing processes such as injection molding.
Located adjacent the shell inner surface is an electrically conductive shell sleeve 24. The shell sleeve includes an outer part 25 proximate outer end portion 20 and extends inwardly to a shell joint part 26. The shell joint part extends beyond the end of inner end portion 19.
The shell sleeve is constructed of metal and provides a generally uniform interior diameter for enclosing shell insert 28. As shown, outer part 25 is threadably attached to the shell sleeve main body 27 to facilitate securement by abutment with insert rib member 29.
The plug housing 13 is defined by an outer end 30, a midportion 31 and an inner end 32. It includes a plug inner surface 33 and an exterior surface 34. The exterior surface provides plug thread means 35 for engagement with corresponding means on coupling member 16.
Positioned adjacent plug inner surface 33 is an electrically conductive plug sleeve 40. The plug sleeve provides a generally uniform interior diameter for enclosing plug insert 45. It includes a forward section 42 which is proximate outer end 30 and extends inwardly to a plug joint section 44 proximate the housing midportion 31. In the same manner as with the shell sleeve, forward section 42 may be threadably attached to plug sleeve main body 43. This provides a convenient mean for securement of plug insert 45 via abutment with insert rib 46.
When the plug housing and receptacle shell are connected, a joint is formed between the shell joint part 26 and plug joint section 44. This provides electrical communication between the respective sleeves and shields the insert assemblies from EMI. The joint connection shown in the drawings may be referenced as a lap joint, but other joint connections known in the art may be used such as bayonet, twist lock, threads and the like.
With reference to the joint shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the plug housing inner surface 33 is offset radially outward proximate midportion 31. This accomodates a similar offset in plug sleeve 40 and allows the plug joint section to have a diameter greater than shell joint part 26. Note that the shell joint part extends axially from the sleeve main body with only a minor radially outward enlargment at its free end. As such, when the plug and receptacle assemblies are moved together, shown by arrows A in FIG. 2, the shell joint part, will slide over and overlap the plug joint section.
To help insure good electrical communication at the joint connection, a junction means may be used. This may comprise an electrically conductive ring member overlying at least a portion of the plug joint section. As shown, the ring member comprises a metallic spring washer 48 forming an annular interface between the plug joint section and shell joint part.
The plug housing inner surface 33 further includes an annular recess 50 located outwardly from adjacent the joint connection and proximate inner end 32. The recess is adapted to accomodate a resilient environmental sealing member shown as O-ring 52. The sealing member is sized to resiliently engage the outer surface of shell joint part 26 to prevent unwanted contamination of the assembled parts.
In a manner known in the art, the insert assemblies primarily comprise a plastic body containing pin or socket contacts for terminating wires from cables. As shown, shell insert 28 terminates wires 54 which are in electrical communication with socket contacts 56. Plug insert 45 terminates wires 55 which electrically communicate with pin contacts 57. The pin contacts engage the socket contacts providing electrical continuity through the connector.
If the wires are assembled within a grounded outer conductive sheath for EMI protection, the sheath must be electrically connected to the sleeves of the plug housing and receptacle shell. As shown in FIG. 3, braided metal sheath 60 engages extended shell sleeve outer part 61. The sheath end overlies annular notch 62 and is secured therein by clamping means shown as shrink band 64. An identical arrangement is used to secure a grounded conductive sheath around plug wires 55 to an extended plug sleeve forward section (not shown). Other sheath connection means may be used such as those shown in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,579,415 and 4,468,080 which are herein incorporated by reference.
With reference to FIG. 4, individual wires are shown as being protected with electrically conductive sheathes 66. In this case, each sheath is terminated with an insert part 67 which, in turn, engages corresponding openings in a ground plane shown as shell plate 68. The plate overlies the outer face of shell insert 28 and is in electrical communication with extended shell sleeve outer part 61'. The shell plate is retained within the shell sleeve by leg projections 69 which frictionally engage corresponding grooves about the interior surface of outer part 61'. A plug face plate grounding plane identically arranged is utilized with the plug housing outer end. The combined face plates and sleeves provide continuous EMI shielding throughout the overall connector and wire connections.
FIG. 5 depicts grounding of the shell sleeve to an external support structure. This is accomplished with a grounding panel engagement means shown as jam-nut connector 71. The connector is constructed of conductive material and includes an inner ring portion that directly engages the shell sleeve parts. Spaced outwardly is an integral radial flange 72 having an outer annular lip 73. The lip has an end face 74 that engages bulkhead panel 75 and provides electrical communication from the receptacle shell to the grounded panel. Optionally, the end face may include one or more scratch points 76 to help insure electrical contact with the panel.
In place of outer flange 21, receptacle shell 15 is modified to coact with the jam-nut connector by providing an outer retainer section 70. This section includes a distal flange 77 which is spaced from lip 73 to allow for placement of a panel O-ring seal 78. The retainer section is plastic and generally overlies the metal jam-nut connector for environmental protection. Jam-nut 79 engages threads 80 and functions to secure the overall assembly to the bulkhead panel.
In addition to the above-described embodiment, it will be appreciated that other panel engagement means could be used. For example, simple wires, conductive strips, metal plating on the shell receptacle exterior or conductors embedded within the molded shell receptacle could function to provide a grounding path from the shell sleeves.
While the invention has been described with respect to a preferred embodiment, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and improvements may be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. Accordingly, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited by the specific illustrative embodiments, but only by the scope of the appended claims.