Carbon brush for collector
||Hoffmann, Peter; Hoell, Johann; Grabner, Herbert; Reiser, Klaus;
A carbon brush for a collector has a recess which is filled with a layer of galvanically applied, copper plating, in which at least one longitudinal wire is provided as a connecting conductor, which is mechanically and electrically linked with the brush through being embedded in and completely surrounded by the copper layer.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to the manner in which an electrical lead which extends over the length of a carbon brush is attached to the brush.
In a conventional carbon brush known from German utility model 8,716,985 the connecting lead is formed as a strip of woven metal fabric or metal foil which is secured to the brush by mechanically clamping it in a dovetailed recess of the brush. The lead is mechanically and electrically connected to the carbon brush, in part by clamping it in the recess, and in part by a galvanically applied metal layer which overlays the lead. However, the strength of the connection between the lead and the brush is dependent on production tolerances. These may fluctuate over the length of the brush, thus rendering it difficult to obtain precise values for the strength of the mechanical connection and the resistance of the electrical connection.
German patent publication DE-OS 34 05 674 discloses a carbon brush which has a metallic plating that coats the underside or a groove in the underside of the brush. The lead, in the form of a strip of woven metallic fabric or a metal foil, is soldered to the plating on the underside of the brush. Soldering involves, however, an additional manufacturing step. Moreover, the soldering temperature produces stresses between the metallic layer and the underside of the carbon brush as a result of differing rates of thermal expansion. This can lead to a separation of the metallic layer.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
An object of the present invention is therefore to develop a carbon brush of the aforementioned kind which has an improved electrical and mechanical connection for the lead of the brush.
In accordance with the present invention the electric lead is not clamped into a recess in the carbon brush, but rather is embedded in a metallic plating which fills the recess. This offers not only the advantage of an improved mechanical and electrical connection between the lead and the carbon brush, it also eliminates the need to conform the shape of the lead to the shape of the recess, and the need for special pressure-applying tools for clamping the lead in place. It is not necessary to construct the lead in the form of a strip of metallic fabric or foil. Instead, the lead may be a single wire or multiple wires.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Two embodiments of a carbon brush constructed according to the present invention are shown in cross-section in the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a side elevational cross-section through a carbon brush constructed in accordance with the present invention and illustrates how the electrical leads are attached to the brush by electrical plating; and
FIG. 2 is an elevational view, in section, similar to FIG. 1 and illustrates another embodiment of the present invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
FIG. 1 shows a carbon brush 1 with a recess 3 on its underside together with metal plating 5, preferably of copper. The metal plating completely fills recess 3. Wires 7 are imbedded in metal plating 5 in the area of recess 3. Wires 7 together with metal plating 5 define a current path in the longitudinal direction of carbon brush 1.
FIG. 2 shows a woven metal fabric strip 9 which is disposed in recess 3 of carbon brush 1. It is held in place not by being clamped in place, but rather by being embedded in metal plating 5.
The production of a carbon brush in accordance with the present invention requires a first plating step during which a layer of copper is plated over the inner surfaces of a recess, which was previously formed by milling or during press molding of the brush. Next the lead, in the form of one or multiple copper wires or a copper strip 9, is placed into the recess. During a second plating step the underside of the carbon brush and the lead are coated with a second layer of copper so that it bonds with the first layer of copper and fully embeds or envelops the lead.
The carbon brush of the present invention may be supported over its length in a conventional manner with a support. At least one end of the support includes an electrical connector which is mechanically attached and/or soldered directly onto metallic layer 5 and/or wires 7 or metal strip 9. The carbon brush of the present invention is particularly well suited for use with a support made partially or entirely of plastic.